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Voltage-Gated Channels and the Action Potential

View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept.






1Depolarization occurs because...
A)potassium ions continue to diffuse out of the cell after the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to close.
B)the extra efflux of potassium ions causes the membrane potential to become slightly more positive than the resting value.
C)the increased potassium ion permeability lasts slightly longer than the time required to bring the membrane potential back to its resting level.
D)more sodium ions diffuse into the cell than potassium ions diffuse out of it.
E)the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to open and the diffusion of sodium ions decreases.



2Repolarization occurs because...
A)potassium ions continue to diffuse out of the cell after the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to close.
B)the extra efflux of potassium ions causes the membrane potential to become slightly more positive than the resting value.
C)the increased potassium ion permeability lasts slightly longer than the time required to bring the membrane potential back to its resting level.
D)more sodium ions diffuse into the cell than potassium ions diffuse out of it.
E)the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to open and the diffusion of sodium ions decreases.



3Hyperpolarization, or afterpotential occurs because...
A)potassium ions continue to diffuse out of the cell after the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to close.
B)the extra efflux of potassium ions causes the membrane potential to become slightly more positive than the resting value.
C)the increased potassium ion permeability lasts slightly longer than the time required to bring the membrane potential back to its resting level.
D)more sodium ions diffuse into the cell than potassium ions diffuse out of it.
E)the inactivation gates of the voltage-gated sodium ion channels begin to open and the diffusion of sodium ions decreases.



4After the passage of the action potential, the sodium-potassium pump reestablishes the resting membrane potential.
A)True
B)False



5The sodium-potassium pump uses bulk transport to move the sodium and potassium ions.
A)True
B)False







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