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Spermatogenesis (Quiz 2)

What is the difference between sperm and egg cells? Gametes are haploid cells used in sexual reproduction. Plants and animals and many other organisms produce two types of gametes – eggs and sperm. Eggs are large gametes that are not capable of active movement and have substantial amounts of nutrients. Sperm are small gametes that are capable of movement in most organisms although not in flowering plants. A system with two different types of gametes seems to be the most efficient. Eggs provide nutrients necessary for the developing embryo. As eggs are relatively expensive to make, there are relatively few of them. Sperm are small and therefore easy to make in the large numbers needed to ensure fertilization. Not all sexual organisms have eggs and sperm. Many fungi and some algae are isogamous. All of their gametes are equal in size and there are no males and females in the sense that we normally think of the two sexes.

View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept.






1A spermatogonium...
A)divides by mitosis to produce two spermatids.
B)divides by meiosis to produce four spermatids.
C)divides by meiosis to produce two primary spermatocytes.
D)divides by mitosis to produce two primary spermatocytes.
E)divides by mitosis to produce a spermatogonium and a primary spermatocytes.



2A primary spermatocytes...
A)divide by mitosis to produce two secondary spermatocytes.
B)divide by meiosis to produce two secondary spermatocytes.
C)divides by meiosis to produce four spermatids.
D)divides by meiosis to produce two spermatids.
E)divides by mitosis to produce two spermatids.



3Each spermatid...
A)divides by meiosis to produce four sperm cells.
B)divides by mitosis to produce four sperm cells.
C)divides by meiosis to produce two sperm cells.
D)divides by mitosis to produce two sperm cells.
E)differentiates into a sperm cell.



4The primary spermatocytes and the spermatogonia each contain 46 chromosomes.
A)True
B)False



5The spermatids and the secondary spermatocytes each contain 23 chromosomes.
A)True
B)False







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