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How Translation Works

View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept.






1Translation is the synthesis of
A)mRNA from DNA.
B)mRNA from proteins.
C)proteins from DNA
D)proteins from mRNA
E)proteins from tRNA



2Which of the following occurs as the ribosome shifts down the mRNA by a distance of three nucleotides?
A)the tRNA that was in the A site moves into the E site
B)the tRNA that was in the P site moves into the A site
C)the tRNA that was in the E site moves into the P site
D)the tRNA that was in the E site moves into the A site
E)the tRNA that was in the P site moves into the E site



3Translation is terminated when a stop codon is presented at the ________ site.
A)A
B)P
C)E
D)either A or B
E)either A or C



4The first amino acid enters through the A site.
A)True
B)False



5The codon of tRNA is complementary to the anticodon of mRNA.
A)True
B)False







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