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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Which of the following is not a reason given for regulating radio and television?
A)The scarcity theory
B)The pervasive presence theory
C)The paternalistic theory
D)All of the above were theories described in the book

From a regulatory standpoint, the pervasive presence theory treats the home in the same way as a public place.

The Wireless Ship Act of 1910 required
A)All broadcast stations be licensed
B)All vessels be equipped with wireless sets.
C)All oceangoing passenger ships be equipped with wireless sets
D)All announcers and operators have a broadcast license

The Radio Act of 1912 was passed
A)By Congress
B)Provided for the use of call letters
C)Because of the Titanic disaster
D)All of the above

The Radio Act of 1912 broke down primarily because
A)Of the growth of broadcasting
B)Of the start of World War I
C)Of new technical development
D)All of the above

Which of the following was not a provision of the Radio Act of 1927?
A)The principle that the airwaves belong to the people
B)The notion that stations had to operate in the public interest, convenience and necessity
C)The prohibition against censorship of programs by government
D)All of the above were provisions of the Act

The passage of the ______________________ extended the Commission's authority or control over wire and wireless communication
A)Radio Act of 1912
B)Radio Act of 1927
C)Communications Act of 1934
D)Telecommunications Act of 1996

Cable regulation began
A)In the earliest days of cable
B)To promote the growth of the cable industry
C)With the passage of the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
D)In the 1960s when cable began competing with broadcasting stations

The ________________ reflected a movement toward deregulation.
A)Communications Act of 1934
B)Satellite Communications Act of 196
C)Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
D)None of the above

The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was prompted by
A)Advances in technology
B)Changes in the business arena
C)Increased desire for competition between cable and telephony
D)All of the above

All of the following are true about Federal Communications Commissioners except
A)Commissioners serve for a period of five years
B)Commissioners are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate
C)The president is not obliged to achieve political balance on the Commission
D)all of the above are correct

Which statement is most correct regarding the relationship between the FCC and Congress:
A)The FCC as an independent commission is not affected by Congress
B)The President exerts more influence over the FCC than Congress
C)Congress created the FCC and it could abolish the Commission if it wished
D)Congress impacts the FCC through hearings

Most cases concerning broadcasting are decided by:
A)The U.S. Supreme Court
B)The U.S. Court of Appeals
C)The state courts system
D)Local jurisdiction courts

The organization that would be considered part of the executive branch is
A)The Federal Communications Commission
B)The U. S. Supreme Court
C)The National Telecommunications and Information
E)None of the above

According to our book, the most influential lobby group is:
A)The National Association of Religious Broadcasters
B)The National Association of Broadcasters
C)The National Association of Independent TV Stations
D)The National Cable Television Association

The general trend in regulatory policy has been for the FCC to rely on the marketplace as an important determinant of the public interest.

Which of the following is not an advantage of the marketplace:
A)It encourages efficiency
B)It encourages the creation of new services
C)It is only responsive to economic forces
D)It encourages diversity

According to your book, the primary function of the Federal Communications Commission is
C)Technical planning
D)All of the above are equally important

Which of the following infractions is likely to bring a short-term renewal?
A)A deceptive promotional contest
B)Lack of supervision of station facilities
C)Violations of equal employment practices
D)All of the following are likely to bring a short-term renewal

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration is responsible for all of the following except
A)Advising the White House on telecommunication policy issues
B)Making grants to public telecommunications facilities
C)Licensing radio and television stations
D)Allocating radio frequencies that are used by the federal government

The __________ permitted satellite carriers such as Dish Network to transmit local broadcast TV signals into local markets.
A)Communications Act of 1934
B)Cable Communication Policy Act of 1984
C)Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act

The law that significantly eased ownership restrictions on broadcast properties was the
A)Telecommunications Act of 1996
B)Communications Act of 1934
C)Radio Act of 1927
D)Radio Act of 1910

The part of the Communications Act that governs the broadcasts of political campaigning is
A)The 'must-carry' rules
B)The fairness doctrine
C)The equal opportunities rules
D)None of the above

Which of the following criteria is not one that qualifies a candidate as a legally qualified candidate
A)The candidate must have announced publicly an intention to runfor office
B)The candidate must be legally qualified to run for office
C)The candidate must have taken the necessary steps in order to be qualified for a place on the ballot
D)All of the following are necessary criteria for a candidate to be a legally qualified candidate

The Children's Television Act of 1990 imposes which of the following requirements on broadcasters?
A)A cap on the number of commercial minutes that can be aired during children's programming
B)A limit on the number of violent acts per show
C)A maximum on the number of educational shows that can be aired
D)All of the above

Copyright laws are meant to protect intellectual property.

Which of the following cannot be copyrighted?
A)Computer programs
B)News events
C)Motion pictures

Granting blanket rights accomplishes which of the following goals
A)It allows media companies to pay a single licensing fee
B)It provides stations with the opportunity to use material indefinitely
C)If they provide fixed payment schedules indefinitely
D)All of the above

In the Napster case, the court determined that Napster was protected by the 'fair use' provision of the copyright law.

Section 1464 of the U. S. Criminal Code states that anybody who utters profane, indecent, or obscene language over radio or TV is liable to fine or imprisonment.

In order for a television program to be found legally obscene which of the following conditions must apply?
A)The program must depict, in a offensive way, sexual acts defined in state law
B)The program must appeal to prurient interests of the average person when she/he applies local community standards in evaluating the work
C)The program must lack serious artistic, literary, political or scientific value
D)All of the above conditions must apply

In the Pacifica case, the Carlin monologue was found to be obscene.

As a result of the Pacifica decision
A)The court declined to find the Carlin monologue obscene
B)The FCC could regulate indecent program content
C)Station managers could be imprisoned for airing obscene material
D)All of the above

Cable channels and broadcast channels must meet the same standards regarding the broadcast of indecent material.

Broadcasters but not cablecasters are bound by federal law prohibiting job discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion or national origin.

Which of the following areas of law is relevant to the news-gathering operation of a broadcaster?
C)Protection of confidential sources
D)All of the above

The courts generally consider ________ more serious than _________ .
A)Slander / libel
B)Libel / slander

Generally broadcasting is considered
C)Both a and b

Which is not a defense a broadcaster can use in a libel trial?
A)Broadcasters can use truth as a defense
B)Broadcasters can use ignorance of the facts as a defense
C)Broadcasters can use privilege as a defense
D)Broadcasters can use fair comment and criticism as a defense

New York Times v. Sullivan greatly expanded the opportunity for comment on the action of public officials.

In order to win a private fact tort, the individual only needs to prove that she/ he is identifiable to the public.

In order to completely avoid charges of trespass, broadcasters must
A)Secure permission of the police to shoot video of an accident
B)Secure permission consent of the owner of private property before entering
C)Cannot shoot on public streets without permits
D)All of the above

In the Food Lion decision, the jury
A)Concluded that ABC had libeled Food Lion
B)Concluded that ABC was innocent of trespass
C)Concluded that ABC had committed trespass
D)Concluded that ABC had not libeled Food Lion

A reporter can cast a person in a false light by
A)Omitting pertinent facts
B)Implying that a person is other than what he is
C)Using a photograph out of context
D)All of the above

According to various recent court decisions, advertising
A)Should receive full First Amendment protection
B)Should receive some First Amendment protection
C)Should not receive First Amendment protection

The FCC is responsible to regulate advertising to ensure that it is fair and accurate.

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