A cognitive approach to reading that emphasizes instruction in strategies, especially metacognitive strategies, is which of the following?
|D)||Transactional strategy instruction approach|
Which of the following cognitive processes has been shown to help children learn math?
|A)||Real-world problem solving|
|B)||Understanding how math concepts are linked|
|C)||Exploring alternative solutions|
|D)||All of the above.|
Which of the following is a reading instruction approach that emphasizes basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds?
|D)||Interactive demonstration strategy|
Mr. Perez is teaching in the field that seeks to promote civic competence with the goal of helping students make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world. In what field is Mr. Perez teaching?
Mrs. Treble is using a form of teaching in which she initially explains strategies and then models how to use them in making sense of the text. Then she asks her students to demonstrate the strategies, giving them support as they learn. What teaching strategy is Mrs. Treble using?
|B)||Interactive demonstration strategy|
In the above question, in what subject is the strategy Mrs. Treble is using most appropriately utilized?
When a math teacher asks students to reflect on why a particular answer is incorrect and asks them to "debug" it, which of the following types of skills is being fostered?
Ms. Tesda thinks that the program developed by Stanford University scientists in collaboration with middle school teachers, which integrates the study of ecology, evolution, genetics, physiology, human development, culture, health, and safety is very effective. To what program is Ms. Tesda referring?
|A)||Transactional strategy instruction approach|
|C)||Interactive demonstration strategy|
The interactive demonstration strategy helps students to
|A)||construct meaningful strategies.|
|B)||integrate ecology, evolution, genetics, physiology, human development, culture, health, and safety.|
|C)||work on everyday problems.|
|D)||overcome misconceptions in science in which the teacher introduces the demonstration, asks students to discuss the demonstration with the neighbors and predicts its outcome, and then performs the demonstration.|
Which of the following is NOT one of the cognitive processes a child needs to go through in order to read a printed word (Mayer, 2004)?
|A)||Being aware of sound units in words|
|C)||Translating multiple meanings|
|D)||Accessing word meaning|
Mr. Aham believes in reading expert Steve Stahl's three main goals of reading instruction. What are these goals?
|A)||Automatically recognize words, comprehend text, create strategies.|
|B)||Make memory traces, comprehend text, create strategies.|
|C)||Automatically recognize words, become motivated to read and appreciate reading, comprehend text.|
|D)||Become motivated to read, appreciate reading, comprehend text.|
Sam is excited about returning to school after summer vacation. He will be learning to read. According to research findings presented in your text, what approach is best to teach reading?
|A)||The whole-language approach is best.|
|B)||The phonics approach is best.|
|C)||Both approaches are beneficial, but instruction in phonics should be emphasized.|
|D)||Neither approach was found beneficial.|
Mr. Brians is teaching his students to read by emphasizing that they decode and comprehend words. He thinks metacognitive skills as well as general automaticity are important. What approach to teaching reading is Mr. Brians using?
|A)||A cognitive approach|
|B)||A social constructivist approach|
|C)||The whole-language approach|
|D)||The interactive approach|
Enrique is learning to read; his teacher understands the contribution of the social context in helping children to read. Being that Enrique is Hispanic, his teacher wants to be informed about how much emphasis the culture places on reading, and the extent to which his parents have exposed him to books before he entered formal schooling. Enrique's teacher wants to give him and all of the other students the opportunity to discuss what they have read with the class. Enrique's teacher is using _____________ approach to reading.
|B)||a social constructivist|
Ty and Amy-Lynn are involved in a book club, which will involve peer learning and student-led discussions. In a book club, what is the role of the teacher?
|A)||To serve as a guide but give students responsibility for how the discussions will evolve|
|B)||To remain completely uninvolved|
|C)||To be completely in charge of the discussion, topics, and learning|
|D)||The teacher is not present during book clubs|
Mrs. Shimm always has her students outline and organize content information prior to beginning their writing. She gives them feedback for their efforts, which is beneficial because it gives the students confidence. What approach to writing is Mrs. Shimm using?
Ms. Rydell has her students learn about social studies so that they will take what they learned and use it in school and also outside of school. She stresses meaningful learning and thinking critically about values. What approach to social studies is Ms. Rydell taking?
|A)||A cognitive approach|
|B)||A constructivist approach|
|C)||The traditional approach|
|D)||The interactive approach|
Mr. Olitiz will be teaching social studies in an elementary school. How is Mr. Ortiz likely to teach social studies?
|A)||As an interdisciplinary course|
|B)||As a focused single discipline|
|C)||Integrated across several disciplines|
|D)||All of these choices are incorrect.|
Ms. Mott's ninth-grade science class is taught with an emphasis on discovery and hands-on laboratory investigation; thus her students are helped to construct their own knowledge. What approach to science teaching is Ms. Mott's using?
Which statement best describes the controversy in math education?
|A)||Educators currently debate whether math should be taught in the elementary grades.|
|B)||Educators currently debate whether math should be taught online.|
|C)||Educators currently debate whether math should be taught using a cognitive, constructivist approach or a practice, computational approach.|
|D)||Educators currently debate whether the NCTM math standards should be replaced with the standards used in Japan.|
Wiring a dollhouse, making replicas of boats for a regatta, and building circuits are examples of
|A)||HUMBIO science curriculum.|
|B)||gender-based science activities.|
|C)||drill and practice.|
|D)||a cognitive, constructivist approach to science.|
Best practices in math instruction include all of the following EXCEPT:
|A)||Connect math with other subjects such as science, geography, and reading.|
|B)||Implement math projects that minimize discussion, argument, and compromise.|
|C)||Connect math with high-interest, real-world problems.|
|D)||Foster students' procedural and conceptual competencies.|
According to the recent National Assessment of Educational Progress, in the fourth grade, frequent calculator use was associated with
|A)||lower national achievement test scores in math.|
|B)||higher national achievement test scores in math.|
|C)||expert math knowledge in eighth grade.|
|D)||full mastery of basic math skills.|
Mr. Anthony frequently invites local writing experts such as journalists and authors to his classroom. He also regularly schedules student-teacher writing conferences to discuss students' writing. Mr. Anthony emphasizes
|A)||planning and problem solving in writing.|
|B)||the social context of writing.|
|C)||a cognitive approach to writing.|
A child who has poor grammar skills is struggling with which of the following language rules?
A child who struggles with morphology would most likely exhibit which of the following?
|A)||The child spends a lot of time trying to decode words.|
|B)||The child has a poor understanding of the meaning of words and sentences.|
|C)||The child has an inability to associate letters with the appropriate sounds.|
|D)||The child has difficulty in recognizing and pronouncing suffixes.|
A teacher who wishes to incorporate writing into the curriculum should do which of the following?
|A)||Give opportunities to write about personal experiences.|
|B)||Do not integrate writing into disciplines such as math and science.|
|C)||Avoid creative writing activities and emphasize grammar and technique.|
|D)||Assign highly structured writing assignments.|
Mrs. Julian wishes to improve her students' reading fluency. Which of the following strategies most likely will improve her students' fluency?
|A)||Read passages aloud first before asking students to do so|
|B)||Read passages with appropriate expression and rhythm|
|C)||Give students ample time to practice reading passages to themselves and aloud in class|
|D)||All of these|
Mr. Nguyen is preparing to conduct a unit on Ancient Egypt. After an informal discussion with his students, he realizes that most of them haven't been exposed to the topic before. He gives the students brief prereading activities about Ancient Egypt and selects high-interest reading material that is appropriately challenging. Mr. Nguyen is attempting to improve his students' ability to remember and make correct inferences about what they read by strengthening students'
Which of the following is NOT considered an effective intervention factor in improving the writing quality of fourth- through twelfth-grade students?