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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
All of the following are periods of prenatal development EXCEPT
A)germinal.
B)embryonic.
C)fetal.
D)postpartum.
2
The period of prenatal development that occurs in the first two weeks after conception is called the __________ period.
A)fetal
B)germinal
C)embryonic
D)blastocycstic
3
The inner mass of cells that develops into the embryo during the germinal period is called the
A)blastocyst.
B)zygote.
C)trophoblast.
D)embryo.
4
The embryo's __________ will develop into the digestive and respiratory systems.
A)mesoderm
B)exoderm
C)endoderm
D)ectoderm
5
A skin defect may be traced to a problem with the embryo's __________ cells.
A)mesoderm
B)microderm
C)endoderm
D)ectoderm
6
Which of the following correctly explains the manner in which the placenta/umbilical cord life-support system prevents harmful bacteria from invading the fetus?
A)Most bacteria are too large to pass through the placental wall.
B)The placenta generates antibodies that attack and destroy bacteria.
C)Bacteria become trapped in the maze of blood vessels of the umbilical cord.
D)The fluids that are transmitted between the mother and the unborn child neutralize the effects of most bacteria.
7
The process of organ formation that takes place during the first two months of prenatal developed is called
A)germinal development.
B)genesis.
C)organogenesis.
D)fetal development.
8
A growth spurt in the fetus's lower body parts occurs during the __________ month of pregnancy.
A)third
B)fourth
C)fifth
D)sixth
9
What is the first time a fetus has a chance of surviving outside the womb?
A)three months
B)five months
C)seven months
D)eight and a half months
10
A strategy for reducing the risk of neural tube defects, such as anencephaly and spina bifida, is for women to
A)take adequate amounts of folic acid during pregnancy.
B)avoid conceiving after age 35.
C)get adequate aerobic exercise during pregnancy.
D)limit their alcohol intake during pregnancy.
11
When Abigail takes a pregnancy test, her urine or blood will be checked for
A)estrogen.
B)progesterone.
C)acetylcholine.
D)human chorionic gonadotropin.
12
Raul and Elena learn that Elena is pregnant. Their "due date"
A)is calculated according to the first date of Elena's last menstrual period.
B)cannot be calculated because they are not sure when the baby was conceived.
C)is calculated according to the first time they had sexual intercourse after Elena's last menstrual period.
D)has a one-month range, depending on when the baby was conceived.
13
Which of the following is NOT typical of changes a woman experiences during her first trimester of pregnancy?
A)an increase in spontaneous sexual activity
B)nausea and vomiting
C)enlargement of breasts
D)increased mood stability
14
The expectant mother probably feels best during which phase of pregnancy?
A)first trimester
B)second trimester
C)third trimester
D)postpartum period
15
Maternal weight gains that are associated with the best reproductive outcomes average from __________ to __________ pounds.
A)10; 20
B)25; 35
C)30; 45
D)35; 60
16
Marybeth is having a normal pregnancy. She should follow all of these guidelines for exercise EXCEPT
A)exercise for short time intervals.
B)avoid prolonged overheating.
C)warm up and stretch before exercising, cool down afterwards.
D)lie on her right side for ten minutes to rest after exercising.
17
Lack of prenatal care increases the risk of all of the following EXCEPT
A)infants with low birth weight.
B)child abuse.
C)increased infant mortality.
D)preterm births.
18
Maria Elena is from a strongly traditional Mexican American family. A health care professional who works with her during pregnancy should not be surprised if Maria Elena seeks advice from
A)an herbalist.
B)a fortune teller.
C)a curandero.
D)a root doctor.
19
Which phrase best defines a teratogen?
A)a life-support system that protects the fetus.
B)an agent that can cause a birth defect or negatively alter cognitive or behavioral outcomes.
C)an abnormality of infants in alcoholic or drug using mothers.
D)an agent that stimulates the formation of organs.
20
The U.S. Surgeon General recommends that pregnant women consume how much alcohol?
A)no more than one 4-ounce glass of wine a day to relieve stress; no other alcoholic beverages.
B)no more than one 4-ounce glass of any alcoholic beverage a day.
C)no more than three 4-ounce glasses of wine or one 4-ounce glass of other alcoholic beverage a day.
D)no alcohol during pregnancy.
21
Audrey smokes a pack of cigarettes a day. She should be concerned that her unborn child is at risk for all of the following EXCEPT
A)deformed limbs.
B)low birth weight.
C)respiratory problems.
D)sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
22
All of the following are environmental hazards to prenatal developed EXCEPT
A)radiation.
B)carbon monoxide.
C)NSAIDSs.
D)lead.
23
Maternal diseases and infections can produce defects in the unborn child by
A)lowering the mother's immune system.
B)crossing the placental barrier.
C)interfering with delivery of nutrients.
D)reducing the amount of oxygen flowing to the baby.
24
Research investigating the effects of intense emotional states on the unborn fetus suggest that
A)such concerns are largely "old wives' tales."
B)certain frightening experiences can cause the child to have unsightly birthmarks.
C)women under stress are about four times more likely to have longer pregnancies.
D)women under stress are about four times more likely to deliver prematurely.
25
With regard to prenatal development, Santrock suggests that it is important to
A)keep in mind that for most pregnancies, prenatal development does not go awry.
B)be constantly vigilant to avoid any and all types of behaviors or environments that could harm the unborn child.
C)take a somewhat negative perspective of potential problems in order to avoid any harm to the unborn child.
D)take the most positive perspective possible and minimize any concerns about potential problems in order to avoid harm to the unborn child.







Santrock: Children 10/eOnline Learning Center

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