Which of the following should be a consideration when selecting visuals for a document?
|A)||Whether there is a balance between the time and money used to develop a message and its importance|
|B)||Whether the negative news contained in a message is emphasized so that the message retains its credibility|
|C)||Whether the visuals make it difficult for readers to grasp the contents of a message so that their attention is not lost|
|D)||Whether the positive contents of a message are de-emphasized so that the message appears balanced|
|E)||Whether the visuals accompanying a message uses the we-viewpoint|
Which of the following guidelines should be adapted when constructing the visuals in a document?
|A)||The size of a visual should be arbitrary and based on convenience.|
|B)||Colors and cross-hatching distract readers from the main message of visuals and should be avoided.|
|C)||The layout of a visual in a document should be independent of its size.|
|D)||Pull quotes, clip art, and other decorative visuals should always be numbered.|
|E)||Borders should be placed around visuals that occupy less than a full page.|
Which of the following is true regarding the construction of visuals in a document?
|A)||Colors and cross-hatching distract readers from the main message of visuals.|
|B)||The layout of a visual in a document should be independent of its size.|
|C)||Visuals that occupy less than a full page do not need borders.|
|D)||When a document contains visuals from many different categories, they should be grouped together into maps and figures.|
|E)||Pull quotes, clip art, and other decorative visuals do not need to be numbered.|
Which of the following is true about source acknowledgments?
|A)||They are the top-most components of a visual.|
|B)||They are invariably the same as purpose messages.|
|C)||They are similar to talking headings which give a reader the main message of the visual.|
|D)||They must always specify the who, what, where, when, and why of the five Ws.|
|E)||They are references to the bodies that deserve credit for gathering the data used in an illustration.|
Which of the following is a general rule to be followed when constructing tables?
|A)||If rows are long, row heads can be repeated at intervals of five rows.|
|B)||Footnote references to numbers in a table should be keyed with asterisks, daggers and so on.|
|C)||The zero (0) is used to indicate unavailable data in a table.|
|D)||Totals and subtotals should always appear either at the right or at the bottom of a table.|
|E)||The units in which the data are recorded need not be explicitly mentioned in a table.|
Which of the following best defines an organization chart?
|A)||A chart that shows the hierarchy of levels and positions in an organization|
|B)||A chart that shows the sequence of activities in different processes of an organization|
|C)||A visual presentation that shows planning and scheduling activities in an organization|
|D)||A chart that is used in an organization to show its profit/loss at a moment in time|
|E)||A chart that is used in an organization stating the policies of the organization|
June is the sales manager at Tricom Inc. The company has four major products. June wants a visual comparing the sales of these products for each quarter of the previous fiscal year. Which of the following charts is most suitable for June's purpose?
|A)||Simple bar or column chart|
|B)||Clustered bar chart|
|C)||Bilateral column chart|
|D)||Stacked column chart|
Which of the following is true of area charts?
|A)||They are bar or column charts that use bars made of pictures.|
|B)||They can show only one series in a visual.|
|C)||They show a range of data for particular times and can also be called variance charts.|
|D)||They are invariably the same as pie charts.|
|E)||They are most frequently used in comparing the subdivisions of wholes.|
Which of the following is an error of scale?
|A)||Distracting use of grids and shading|
|B)||Inconsistent use of font style|
|C)||Misuse of typeface|
|D)||Violation of the zero beginning of a series|
|E)||Misleading presentation of context|
When your visual is part of a detailed discussion or presentation of your data, you should:
|A)||start with a summary statement that reveals the big picture.|
|B)||just refer to the information and not waste time in explaining the contents.|
|C)||employ the we-viewpoint when explaining it to your audience.|
|D)||position it away from the place where it is covered in writing.|
|E)||avoid determining its position depending on its size.|